CBD In Missouri
MO CBD 2020
Missouri hemp and CBD laws 2020
Before we get into the details of Missouri hemp CBD laws, let’s take a moment to explain exactly what CBD is.
Humans have been using cannabis for medicinal purposes for eons. The most abundant active compounds produced in the cannabis plant are appropriately known as cannabinoids . The two most common cannabinoids are THC (aka tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (aka cannabidiol). While THC is notorious for its intoxicating effects, CBD is non-intoxicating. Both THC and CBD provide medicinal benefits.
Strains of cannabis that produce more than trace amounts of THC are known collectively as marijuana. While strains of cannabis that produce under 0.3 percent THC are known as hemp.
Cannabinoid-rich strains of cannabis produce resinous flower clusters that can contain as high as 25 percent or more total cannabinoids. These can be put through an extraction, filtration, and distillation process to produce clarified essential oils such as CBD oil. Taken to its extreme this process produces 99+ percent pure CBD or THC. These purified cannabinoids are odorless and tasteless and are therefore ideal for use in foods (aka edibles ), beverages, and skin creams.
In Missouri, marijuana and hemp fall under two completely different sets of laws. Before we go into detail on the laws, let’s now take a short trip through time and look at how Missouri cannabis laws have developed over the decades.
A brief history of Missouri hemp and marijuana laws
Hemp cultivation in Missouri can be traced back to as early as 1835. In fact, in the 19th century, Missouri was the second-largest producer of hemp behind Kentucky.
In the year 1844, Missouri farmers produced 12,500 tons of hemp. However, at the time, hemp was actually less profitable and more labor-intensive than other crops, and by the end of the Civil War, without slave labor, hemp production had begun to drop off dramatically.
In the 1930s the US federal government began its crusade to demonize cannabis. The “Reefer Madness” mentality that was promoted at the time has lasted more than eight decades and is still prevalent today. However, things began to change near the end of the 20th century when states began to defy federal law and legalize the use of cannabis for medicinal purposes.
It took Missouri until 2014 to catch on. At that time, hemp and marijuana were basically considered the same plant in the eyes of the US government. However, that year, Missouri lawmakers created the Missouri Hemp Extract Registration Program (MHERP). This program allowed the use of low-THC hemp extract for the treatment of intractable epilepsy. Approved patients were permitted to purchase low-THC hemp extracts from two state-regulated “cannabidiol oil care centers.”
At the end of 2014, however, the federal government passed legislation that allowed state universities to implement hemp pilot programs in order to study the cultivation and processing of hemp. Things began to progress quickly after this.
It took Missouri a few years after the 2014 breakthrough to begin exploiting the new federal hemp laws. And by the time this happened, the laws changed again.
In 2018, the Missouri General Assembly passed a measure that removed hemp from the definition of marijuana and created the Industrial Hemp Research Program to take advantage of the 2014 law. Under the program universities in Missouri would be permitted to plant hemp on a research basis beginning with the 2019 growing season.
However, at the end of 2018, the federal government went a step further and legalized the commercial cultivation and sale of hemp. As a result, in July of 2019, Missouri amended its hemp cultivation laws to align with the new federal rules.
In November of 2018 Missouri voters passed a ballot initiative that called for a greatly expanded medical marijuana program in the state. A bill was signed into law in July 2019 making Missouri the 32nd state to legalize medical marijuana.
Today, the latest buzz is that it’s looking like Missouri is leaning toward legalizing marijuana altogether. So far, ten marijuana legalization petitions have been circulated to add the issue into the 2020 ballot.
So there’s the back story on Missouri hemp and CBD laws. But you might have noticed that in all of this we never mentioned the legalization of CBD oil. That’s because none of the state’s hemp laws even mention CBD! So is CBD legal in Missouri? Let’s get into the details of this and other frequently asked questions related to Missouri CBD laws.
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