CBD Extracts: A look at Isolate and Distillate
CBD isolate and distillate have become increasingly popular throughout the hemp and cannabis industry. These versatile hemp extracts are the most commonly used when it comes to manufactured goods for personal consumption such as topicals, edibles and vapes. Extracts are what give a majority of products on the market their great cannabinoid profiles. While these products are similar in many ways, there are major differences between isolates, distillates and crude for both consumers and businesses. To experience these differences for myself, for research purposes, I spent an evening dabbing both isolate and then distillate to fully understand the effects of each one.
Cannabidiol isolate is the most refined form of hemp available. This compound comes from further processing CBD distillate. CBD is an amazing compound for many people, but with cannabis prohibition still in effect in many areas, people can not risk using hemp products with a full spectrum of cannabinoids due to the potential of THC being present. Even if the full spectrum hemp distillate has under .3% THC, there is a small chance this could make you test positive for THC, risking your job or benefits. This is where CBD isolate shines; even if the product contains 0% THC, people can still feel a high after consuming. With isolate, there is absolutely zero cannabinoids besides CBD and it is safe for people whose jobs drug test for THC. There is also no “high” associated with using CBD isolate which is useful for people who need to medicate throughout the day without being impaired. Other than THC, CBD is by far the most commonly sought after cannabinoid. Isolate is a perfect additive to increase the CBD content of products without increasing THC levels and keeping products compliant. It is also possible to make water soluble isolate which is monumental for manufacturing drinks and liquid based products.
The most common alternative to CBD isolate when it comes to hemp products is distillate, which extracts as a yellow-amber honey like liquid. High quality distillate is often extremely viscous and has a light golden color to it with no taste or smell. This source of CBD is made by distilling crude oils that are generally extracted using solvents such as carbon dioxide or ethanol. Distillate is great for manufacturing products because it becomes liquid when heated and can be added to drinks, tinctures, and myriad of other finished goods. CBD distillate comes with either a broad spectrum or a full spectrum of cannabinoids. The difference between these terms is the THC. Broad spectrum distillates have all of the same compounds, except that the THC has been removed. This is monumental for consumers who are interested in the entourage effect without the risk of ingesting THC. Because of this, THC free distillate is generally the most expensive CBD derivative available.
CBD distillate is an amazing material to add to hemp products because it captures the entourage effect, something that CBD isolate cannot compete with. The entourage effect is the theory that all cannabinoids work together and are increasingly beneficial when they are consumed together. This means they increase the effects of CBD or THC, which are the most sought after molecules when it comes to extraction. The entourage effect is important for a complete holistic hemp product. Consumers often pay much higher prices for products that contain a full spectrum of cannabinoids instead of only CBD which has caused the price of distillate to be generally higher than isolate.
I made an experiment to test the entourage effect by first taking a dab of CBD isolate, waiting an hour, then taking a dab of distillate. The isolate gave a smooth hit with a subtle sweet taste to it. It left me feeling refreshed, almost like taking a deep breath of air when you wake up outside in nature. There was no head or body high, but it left me feeling content. The dab of distillate was an extremely different experience. I took a dab of broad spectrum distillate, meaning there was ZERO THC. The golden liquid melted and left a strong floral taste in my mouth. While it is not comparable to a THC high, the distillate left me feeling extremely relaxed and calm. A slight head high can be felt, but not strong enough to be impairing. After doing this experiment I completely support the entourage effect theory.
While these extracts are similar in many ways, the biggest difference between isolate and distillate is the entourage of cannabinoids. Manufactures must decide if they want a full spectrum of cannabinoids, or pure CBD in their products, both of which are useful to different consumers. I encourage everyone to test out both full spectrum and isolated CBD products in order to make their own opinions about isolate, distillate, and the entourage effect.
CBD Extracts: A look at Isolate and Distillate CBD isolate and distillate have become increasingly popular throughout the hemp and cannabis industry. These versatile hemp extracts are the most
Dabbing CBD: The Complete Guide
Dabbing cannabis extracts is the newest and hottest thing in marijuana culture. As CBD concentrates become more widely available, dabbing has expanded beyond the marijuana realm and into the non-psychoactive cannabidiol realm.
This article is designed to lead someone with no previous knowledge through dabbing from a CBD user’s point of view. Below the article goes on to describe the act of dabbing, concentrates, and the equipment used.
What is Dabbing?
Dabbing is the act flash vaporizing a cannabis concentrate (in our case a high-cannabidiol hemp extract) through the use of a dab rig or wax pen. The vapor created is then inhaled. Dabbing became popular because it is highly potent and effective.
Why Dab CBD?
Traditional sublingual and oral CBD products like tinctures and capsules are very easy to use, yet suffer from low bioavailability. For example, when swallowing an oil-based CBD capsule, only 5-10% of the molecule has an active effect. The rest of the dose is flushed from your body as waste. These methods also have a slow onset time. When swallowed, it can take up to 90 minutes for the CBD to become active in the body.
Despite technical advances in the ingestible CBD space like nanoemulsification, inhaling cannabis has a long history of being highly effective. When inhaled, up to 50% of the cannabinoids and terpenes are absorbed into the bloodstream through the lungs. The effects come on quick and can be felt within minutes, giving the user nearly instant relief. For those with serious needs, this short onset time can be a real gamechanger.
When it comes to inhaling CBD, dabbing is a highly concentrated way to consume the compound. Compared to vaporizing, dabbing is simply a more potent, more direct way to get a dose.
While dabbing is efficient, that does not mean that it is free of downsides. Inhaling vaporized CBD is not nearly as accessible as other more conventional means like swallowing capsules, using a tincture, or eating edibles. Also, the effects of inhaling cannabidiol vapor may only last for 2-3 hours where swallowing the compound can last up to 7 hours.
For more information on bioavailability, onset time, and duration see our article outlining the various methods of taking CBD.
CBD Concentrates Explained
Now that you understand what dabbing is, let’s take a look at the CBD-specific products that are used when dabbing. This group of products is referred to as concentrates. As the name suggests, these forms of CBD are concentrated extracts derived from hemp. The various types of concentrates are differentiated by the extraction and processing methods used to create them:
- CBD Isolate is a pure extract that contains only the CBD molecule in a crystalline form. Isolates can be made at up to 99% potency.
- CBD Extract is an oily extract that contains a full spectrum of the molecules that were present in the plant. For dabbing, you’ll want to ensure this extract was winterized to remove the fats and other plant material from the concentrate to avoid inhaling them.
- Terpsolate is the term used to define an isolate that has been combined with liquid-form terpenes.
- Shatter comes in slab form that is created by adding terpenes to CBD isolate slabs.
- Wax is a general term used to define a concentrate that takes on a sticky, waxy form. These concentrates range from full-spectrum to isolates.
- Crumble is a moist concentrate created by purging the oils from a cannabis concentrate. The resulting substance is named after its crumbling consistency.
When considering the various types of concentrates available, these
- Full or broad-spectrum takes advantage of the entourage effect while CBD isolate does not.
- CBD isolate can be used as an additive to other types of dabs or combustibles.
- Terpenes in a concentrate add flavor variety and additional effects.
- The consistency and form of a concentrate can make it more convenient for dabbing.
CBD concentrates can be dabbed alone or combined with a high-THC marijuana extract. Many users find that CBD ‘smooths out’ and creates a more ‘complete’ high when combined with THC concentrates. Sometimes these concentrates are added to marijuana flower when it is vaporized, smoked, or rolled.
CBD Oil is Not for Dabbing
Products referred to as ‘CBD oil’ are tinctures made of a CBD extract and carrier oils. These products are not designed for dabbing because they contain many additional ingredients that are not designed to be heated. These products should be used sublingually as directed
Tools for Dabbing
Dabbing equipment varies widely in function, features, and price. You can find a simple, low-cost option or dive in as deep as you’d like. For the scope of this article, we are going to cover the basics of the two main options available to flash vaporize your concentrates: wax vaporizers and dab rigs.
You’ll find these electronic devices used for dabbing under many names including wax pens, dab pens, and dab vapes. The basic idea is that a battery powered coil is heated which is used to vaporize a concentrate that is then inhaled. The main components of every wax pen are similar:
- A battery that is connected to the heating element.
- The coil that is powered by the battery to create the heat. These coils come in various types including quartz with 1, 2, and even 4 coils and ceramic disks.
- The mouthpiece which can range from a simple screw-on attachment to a large glass water pipe attachment.
- The dabber which is usually a small metal wand used to place the concentrate into the coil cylinder.
These vaporizers come in a wide variety of forms, you’ll find everything from minimalist pens that take only concentrates up to full-sized electronic glass dab rigs that are capable of vaporizing concentrates and flower.
The dab rig is constantly evolving, yet even today there are a standardized set of tools used in a dab setup:
- A glass water pipe that functions in much the same way that a bong does.
- The nail is a chamber made of ceramic, quartz, or titanium. This is the piece that is heated and vaporizes your concentrate.
- A dome is placed on top of the nail after the concentrate is vaporized to trap the vapor to keep it from escaping. Not all rigs require a dome and some rigs may use an e-nail instead, though they require a larger upfront investment.
- A blow torch is used to heat the nail. A standard lighter will not cut it.
- The dabber is a glass, metal, or ceramic wand used to place the concentrate into the heated nail.
How to Dab CBD
The act of dabbing CBD is fairly straightforward in theory, yet it requires some practice to get the process down. The most important factor is controlling the temperature at which the concentrate is vaporized. Too little heat and the concentrate won’t vaporize. Too much and it combusts, defeating the purpose of vaporizing altogether.
The ideal temperature for dabbing is somewhere between 300 and 400 degrees Fahrenheit. At the higher end of this temperature range, you’ll begin boiling the terpenes found in the plant (if your concentrate contains terpenes).
The first step to dabbing is to get your concentrate out. You’ll want to divide your dose out, most CBD concentrate users find that 1-2 rice grain sized pieces of concentrate is the average size for a dose.
Using a Wax Pan
Once you have your dose divided, you’ll simply add the concentrate to the chamber, assemble, and turn on the device. Simple pens often use a push button to heat the element, you’ll want to tap the button to heat the concentrate as you inhale, start slow and try to work your way up to larger hits without burning the concentrate. For larger vaporizers, you may be able to set the temperatures and wait for it to heat much like a traditional dab rig. As your concentrate vaporizes, inhale, hold for a few seconds and then exhale the vapor.
Using a Dab Rig
A dab rig is often a more complicated process than a wax pen. The first step is to make sure you have all the equipment you’ll use set out. You’ll be working with open flames and hot materials, so keep your space clear.
Have your concentrate ready, and use the torch or e-nail to heat the nail to proper dabbing temps. As a general rule of thumb, heat the nail for 20 seconds then wait for a minute before adding your concentrate. It is not necessary to heat the nail until it is red hot.
After heating the nail, use your dabber to get the concentrate ready to be added. Once ready, drop the concentrate into the nail or run the dabber around the nail as you inhale to vaporize the complete contents of the concentrate. Experienced dabbers may be able to inhale the entire hit at once. If that’s not you, once you’ve finished adding the concentrate, you may want to cover the nail with the dome to keep the vapor from escaping. This way, you can come back and inhale the rest of the hit.
Once you get the hang of it, this entire process is quick and easy. It will take some time to find the perfect concentrate and dosage for your needs. Once you do, you’ll join the ranks of many happy dabbers out there enjoying this unique way to use CBD. Hopefully, this guide was helpful in discovering the world of dabbing! Please leave any questions or comments below.
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This article introduces dabbing, concentrates, and the equipment used to make it all happen – all from a cannabidiol (CBD) user's point of view.