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If CBD oil is illegal, how is it being sold online?

Cannabidiol oil, also known as CBD oil, has been talked about a lot in recent times, particularly if it’s illegal in India and if so, why is being sold freely on the internet.

Key Highlights

  • Cannabidiol (CBD) oil is made from the leaves of the cannabis plant.
  • The schedules of 1988 United Nations International Drug Control Conventions don’t mention cannabidiols.
  • CBDs contain less than 0.3 per cent THC, the compound that gets users ‘high’.

Ever since reports emerged that actress Rhea Chakraborty administered drugs, especially cannabidiol (CBD) oil, to her late boyfriend and actor Sushant Singh Rajput without his knowledge and consent, people have been wondering if CBD oil is legal in India and if not, then how is it being sold online. Below are the answers to these queries:

Is CBD oil legal in India?

India, under Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs (SCND), an international treaty, to which it is a signatory, and under the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substance (NDPS) Act, has banned recreational use of cannabis and its products. It must be noted that both the instruments define ‘cannabis’ as the flowering or fruiting tops of the cannabis plant also known as cannabis sativa or marijuana; leaves and seeds of the plant have been excluded from their purview, keeping in mind the plant’s medicinal uses and India’s social and religious customs (consumption of bhaang).

CBD oil is a compound which is extracted from the leaves of the cannabis plant. So, just like consumption of bhaang is not prohibited under any law in India, the use of CBD oil is also not prohibited. Licensed sale of cannabinoids, including CBD oil and tincture, is permitted in India under the NDPS Act, the Drugs and Cosmetics Act.

Also, it should be noted that cannabidiol is not listed under any of the schedules of the 1961, 1971 or 1988 United Nations International Drug Control Conventions.

What is CBD oil used for?

Various studies suggest that CBD oil can be used to treat and manage a number of ailments such as arthritis, cancer, epilepsy, chronic headaches, anxiety, depression, drug addiction and other neurological conditions. CBD oil produces a compound called endocannabinoid in the human body. Endocannabinoids help in alleviating pain, reducing depression and regulating immune responses.

What is the difference between CBD and other drugs containing THC?

Drugs used for recreational use have a high quantity of THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol), a compound that makes a person ‘high’. CBD compounds contain less than 0.3 per cent THC; therefore, a person does not get ‘high’ when he/she consumes them. Also, CBD only stimulates our body cells to generate health response, unlike recreational drugs that directly bind with specific receptors located on body cells to generate their effects. Presently, there are no case reports of dependence or abuse relating to the use of pure CBD, according to a World Health Organisation report.

Cannabidiol oil, also known as CBD oil, has been talked about a lot in recent times, particularly if it’s illegal in India and if so, why is being sold freely on the internet.

Explained: What is CBD oil? What are the legalities of its use in India?

CBD oil is an extract from the cannabis plant. The two main active substances in it are cannabidiol or CBD and delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC.

Earlier this week, late actor Irrfan Khan’s wife Sutapa Sikdar made an appeal to legalise CBD oil in India. Her appeal followed the criticism of actor Rhea Chakrabaorty after it was reported that she had administered CBD oil, used as a pain reliever for some, to Sushant Singh Rajput when he was alive. What is CBD oil? What are its effects? Is its use and consumption legal in India?

What is CBD oil?

CBD oil is an extract from the cannabis plant. The two main active substances in it are cannabidiol or CBD and delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. The high that is caused by the consumption of cannabis is due to THC. CBD, however, does not cause a “high” or any form of intoxication. CBD oil is made by extracting CBD from the cannabis plant, then diluting it with a carrier oil like coconut or hemp seed oil.

What are the effects of Cannabidiol?

Cannabidiol has effects on the brain, preventing the breakdown of a chemical that aggravates pain and affects mood, and mental function. It can reduce pain and anxiety. It also reduces psychotic symptoms associated with conditions such as schizophrenia as well as epilepsy.

How is CBD oil used?

CBD is extracted from marijuana plants as either an oil or powder. These can be mixed into creams or gels. They can be put into capsules and taken orally, or rubbed on your skin. All topicals (cannabis-infused products) should be applied directly to the site of inflammation or pain to work in a specific area.

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Is CBD oil helpful in the treatment of cancer?

There is not enough robust scientific evidence to prove that CBD oil can safely and effectively treat cancer. A study from the European Journal of Pain showed that CBD applied on the skin could help lower pain and inflammation due to arthritis. CBD inhibits inflammatory and neuropathic pain associated with cancer. Studies have long shown that people who took marijuana extracts in clinical trials tended to need less pain medicine. The US-based National Cancer Institute says that CBD may help alleviate side-effects of cancer treatment.

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Is CBD oil legal in India?

The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 (NDPS Act) outlaws the recreational use of cannabis. The NDPS Act, however, does not apply to the leaves and seeds of cannabis plants. In case the CBD is extracted from the leaves of the cannabis, then technically it is not illegal. CBD oil manufactured under a licence issued by the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 can be legally used. However, the use of cannabis as a medicine is not much prevalent in India. The recent controversy about the use of drugs in Bollywood has further stigmatised the usage of CBD.

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CBD oil is an extract from the cannabis plant. The two main active substances in it are cannabidiol or CBD and delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. ]]>